Dr. Farish A. Noor
(Dr. Farish A. Noor is currently visiting Professor at Sunan Kalijaga Islamic University of Jogjakarta, Indonesia)
"..Malaysia’s RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES have proven to be a MENACE to themselves, and some would argue, the country as well .
At a time when religious issues have become ultra-sensitive in Malaysia, cases such as Revathi’s points to the growing intransigence and belligerence of the country’s RELIGIOUS AUTHORITIES, who increasingly behave like a law unto themselves.
-Farish A. Noor
Night-Club Singer Siti Noor Idayu Abd Moin
is facing the Islamic Syariah Court for wearing THIS DRESS
The Charge: For "Revealing her body"
and "Promoting vice" under the Perak Syariah Penal Code.
(Read HERE for more and HERE)
Excerpts: Read here Farish A. Noor's article for more
Over the past few years the country’s religious authorities in particular have been at the forefront of the effort to show Malaysia and Islam in the WORST light imaginable:
A few years ago Malaysia made the international headlines when members of the religious morality-police vice squad raided a nightclub in the capital, arresting and detaining all the young Malaysians there who happened to be Muslims, while allowing their non-Muslim friends and companions to party the night away.
Those arrested later complained to the media that they were harassed and abused, locked in cages and humiliated by the morality police themselves.
Then came the spate of other raids of peoples’ homes, including a rather embarrassing raid on the flat of an elderly American couple who were woken up in the middle of the night on the grounds that they were suspected of having Malaysian Muslims in their flat and presumably up to no good.
The fact that the raid took place on the resort island of Langkawi further dampened Malaysia’s efforts to promote the country as a holiday paradise and second home for retiring couples from abroad.
Lina Joy's Case: Over the past three years the country has witnessed angry public demonstrations by conservative Muslims over the issue of freedom of religion; sparked off by the case of Lina Joy, a Malay-Muslim who had converted to Christianity only to be told that her conversion would not be recognised unless she put herself through the religious court system first, thereby incriminating herself in the process. (Read Here for more, and Here and Here)
Massosai Revathi' Case: (Read here for more and Here) The latest case involves Massosai Revathi, a Malaysian citizen whose parents had converted to Islam but who was brought up by her Hindu grandmother and who had lived most of her life as a Hindu.
Revathi with her daughter and husband
(Photo courtesy of Malaysiakini)
Revathi is therefore one of the unfortunate cases of Malaysian citizens whose complex identity was bound to get her into trouble with the religious authorities in Malaysia, and it finally did.
Following her marriage to her Hindu husband according to Hindu rites, they had a child who was also brought up a Hindu. Revathi was later called in by the religious authorities and told in no uncertain terms that she was legally a Muslim and had therefore committed a crime in the eyes of Islamic law and Muslim jurists:
She was then sent to one of the country’s ‘Faith Rehabilitation Centres’ (see video clip by Al-Jazeera TV) so that she could be ‘persuaded’ to return to Islam.
The plight of Revathi and others like her has brought to the public’s attention the existence of the so-called ‘faith rehabilitation centres’ that were created as part of the Islamisation programme of Malaysia since the 1980s.
Though little is known about these state-funded institutions and what happens in them, Revathi’s case has brought certain facts to light. According to her husband’s affidavit statement made to the court, his wife was kept in the rehab centre and lectured on Islam for weeks on end.
As part of her re-indoctrination into Islam, she was made to eat beef – which as many people know, is not allowed for Hindus. Revathi was kept away from her husband and child for six months, until media pressure and constant lobbying by both Hindu and secular NGO groups led to her release this week.
Upon her release Revathi has spoken of her ordeal to the Malaysian and international press, revealing the conditions of the camp and the fact that many who were there had chosen to escape.
Furthermore she has been told that she CANNOT renounce Islam, despite the fact that she was brought up by her Hindu grandmother and had lived as a Hindu most of her life.
This also puts into jeopardy her marriage to her Hindu husband and the custody of her child.
At a time when religious issues have become ultra-sensitive in Malaysia, cases such as Revathi’s points to the growing intransigence and belligerence of the country’s religious authorities who increasingly behave like a law unto themselves.
Furthermore one wonders how many more cases exist out there, of people like Revathi or Lina Joy who have been forced into a life of secrecy and hiding for fear of the wrath of the morality police and shariah enforcers.
Of course, all of this is taking place against the backdrop of a Malaysia that is about to celebrate its 50th anniversary and which is currently celebrating ‘Visit Malaysia Year 2007’.
Tourists who come to the country will undoubtedly be bedazzled by the pastiche of post-modern consumerism run amok in the capital, where shopping and capitalism seem to be the real credo of the land.
The Malaysian government under Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi prides itself with the claim of being a moderate Muslim state where a ‘civilised Islam’ is being promoted under the vague banner of ‘Islam Hadari’.
But WHERE , pray tell, is the ‘civilised’ aspect of religious moral policing that locks people in cages, verbally abuses female Muslims accused of indecent dressing, breaks into the homes of citizens in the dead of night?
Underneath the glitz and glamour of Malaysia’s polished façade, the unfettered religious bureaucracy of the country points to a growing tide of Malay-Muslim communitarianism that is increasingly intolerant and demanding a greater slice of public space.
Some Malaysians living in multiracial neighbourhoods have even been told that they cannot keep dogs as pets, for fear of upsetting their Muslim neighbours.
The victims of this politicised religious politics, like Revathi, are left to fend for themselves with only the help of the country’s small NGO community and the international media to highlight their cases.
Yet the verdict is clear: After being detained for six months, Revathi confesses that she ‘HATES Islam even more now’. Hardly surprising when one considers what she has been put through in the name of ‘saving her soul’.
The question is, what is the current government of Malaysia going to do about the current state of affairs?
Malaysia’s religious authorities have proven to be a menace to themselves, and some would argue the country as well .
".. In recent months, Malaysia has made the headlines in the UK for all the wrong reasons. The latest case involves a Malay singer arrested in Ipoh and allegedly ill-treated by religious officials for dressing ‘indecently’.
The religious intolerance of these religious officials springs from entrenched power.
That Malay power and Islam has fused into an exclusive and intolerant body is leaving Hindu temples in ruins,(and) banana leaf restaurants empty of its religious symbols.
And a Hindu, raised as one and married to one, (was) forced to ‘rehabilitate’ herself. To make her, a Malaysian citizen protected by a secular constitution, subject to the religious (Syariah) court that was created to ‘defend’ the religion she was NEVER part of, is mind-boggling.
That she was then separated from her children and husband is the height of cruelty.
That none of the mainstream newspapers have had the courage to do a special report on this problem,(and) NOBODY in the Government has had the tenacity to stop this type of prosecution in its tracks reveals how deeply cowed Malaysians are about religion.
But the real victim of the actions of these few religious zealots is the religion itself.
NO religion can survive such assaults.
That Malaysians are witness to the smearing of Islam, its good name, its philosophy of tolerance and kindness and remain totally unaffected is quite amazing.